Sesame is an ancient oil crop supplying seed for confectionary purpose and edible oil, paste (Tahina) cake and flour.
Sesame has important agricultural attributes. It is adapted to tropical and temperate conditions, grows well on stored soil moisture with minimal irrigation or rainfall and can produce good yield under high temperature.
Sudan produces a large percentage of the world total annual exports. Sesame in the Sudan is raise almost entirely under rain fed conditions, mainly in the South-ern Kordofan , Kasala , white and blue Nile states.