Sesame is an ancient oil crop supplying seed for confectionary purpose and edible oil, paste (Tahina) cake and flour.
Sesame has important agricultural attributes. It is adapted to tropical and temperate conditions, grows well on stored soil moisture with minimal irrigation or rainfall and can produce good yield under high temperature.
Sudan produces a large percentage of the world total annual exports. Sesame in the Sudan is raise almost entirely under rain fed conditions, mainly in the South-ern Kordofan , Kasala , white and blue Nile states.
Uses of Sesame
- Oil Industry
- Confectionary and Biscuit industry
- Tahini – a traditional Middle Eastern Sesame paste.
- Dip and spread manufacturers – add ingredients such as chickpeas and eggplant to Tahini and call the product Homus and Baba Gnnouj
- Bakery industry
- Halva industry – Halva is a popular sweet made by mixing approximately 50% Tahini with boiled wiped sugar and other ingredients
Sudan exports three recognized grade :
- Sudanese white Sesame seed
- White/red sesame seed
- Mixed Sesame seed
Oil Content Min. 48%
Purity Min. 99%
Foreign matter Max. 1%
FFA Max. 2%
Other color seeds Max. 2%
White / Red sesame:
Oil Content Min. 52%
Purity Min. 99%
Foreign matter Max. 3%
FFA Max. 3%
Other color seeds Max. 3%
Packing and Export:
Packing is done in 50 KG PP bags, and exported in 20 feet containers which will carry 19 metric tons.
Sennar- White Nile-Blue Nile- Kassala- Gadarif- Kordofan-Darfur
India- Sudan- Ethiopia- Guatemala- China- Mexico-nigeria- Netherlands- Paraguay- Thailand
Japan- USA- China- Korea- Turkey-Eu27-Egypt- Germany- Saudi Arabia
Source : http://www.tpsudan.gov.sd/